Over the past three months, shares of Tenaris (NYSE: TS) rose by 26.85%. Before having a look at the importance of debt, let us look at how much debt Tenaris has.
Based on Tenaris’s balance sheet as of May 1, 2017, long-term debt is at $31.54 million and current debt is at $808.69 million, amounting to $840.24 million in total debt. Adjusted for $399.74 million in cash-equivalents, the company’s net debt is at $440.50 million.
Let’s define some of the terms we used in the paragraph above. Current debt is the portion of a company’s debt which is due within 1 year, while long-term debt is the portion due in more than 1 year. Cash equivalents include cash and any liquid securities with maturity periods of 90 days or less. Total debt equals current debt plus long-term debt minus cash equivalents.
To understand the degree of financial leverage a company has, shareholders look at the debt ratio. Considering Tenaris’s $14.00 billion in total assets, the debt-ratio is at 0.06. Generally speaking, a debt-ratio more than one means that a large portion of debt is funded by assets. As the debt-ratio increases, so the does the risk of defaulting on loans, if interest rates were to increase. Different industries have different thresholds of tolerance for debt-ratios. A debt ratio of 40% might be higher for one industry and average for another.
Importance Of Debt
Besides equity, debt is an important factor in the capital structure of a company, and contributes to its growth. Due to its lower financing cost compared to equity, it becomes an attractive option for executives trying to raise capital.
Interest-payment obligations can impact the cash-flow of the company. Equity owners can keep excess profit, generated from the debt capital, when companies use the debt capital for its business operations.
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