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This Day In Market History: S&P 500 Index Overhauled To Market Cap-Weighted Structure

Each day, Benzinga takes a look back at a notable market-related moment that occurred on this date.

What Happened? On this day in 1988, the S&P 500 index was overhauled and changed to a market cap-weighted structure.

Where The Market Was: The Dow ended the day at 2,061.

What Else Was Going On In The World? In 1988, the pound ceased to be legal tender in the UK. The same year also marked the 1988 Winter Olympics held in Calgary, Alberta.

S&P 500 Overhauled: Before this day in 1988, the S&P 500 index consisted of 400 industrial stocks, 40 utilities, 40 financials and 20 transportation stocks. This structure resembled that of the Dow Jones, which contained the industrial, transportation and utility averages.

The April 6, 1988, overhaul gave the index the market capitalization-weighted structure it has today. This structure gives stocks with higher market caps more influence on the index’s movements.

Today, Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL) is the largest stock in the index by market cap, followed by Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT), Amazon.com, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMZN) and Berkshire Hathaway Inc. (NYSE: BRK-A) (NYSE: BRK-B).

The S&P 500 index today captures 70% to 80% coverage of available U.S. market capitalization.

© 2021 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

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